Today we’re going to talk about the best indica weed strains when it comes to cannabis and how to buy indica flower; these strains have the purest characteristics of the most indica Cannabis genotypes. In this article we’re going to talk about some of our favorite strains that we’ve grown over the years, how to grow them indoors and outdoors, indica and indica hybrid effects and how to grow them properly.
Indica weed characteristics
One of the main signs that you have an indica plant is wide and short leaves that are an intense dark color and can already be seen once the plants are about a palm’s width off the ground; indica strains are generally recognized due to their leaves and color so you should instantly be able to tell them apart.
Another important sign that you have indica weed plants on your hands is when the branches grow upwards and get stronger in order to put up with the weight of the buds on the tips once the plant begins flowering – if they grew out sideways rather than upwards then they’d snap through the middle due to having buds on the ends of the branches. Some indicas grow wide at the bottom like White Widow or Northern Lights, and you’ll want to train those lower branches so they don’t break once the plant begins to flower; these strains are perfect for growing indoors with a SCRoG method.
- Origin: Cannabis indica is native to Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, and Turkey. The plants have adapted to the often harsh, dry, and turbulent climate of the Hindu Kush mountains.
- Plant description: Indica plants are short and stocky with bushy greenery and chunky leaves that grow wide and broad. They grow faster than sativa, and each plant produces more buds.
- Typical CBD to THC ratio: Indica strains often have higher levels of CBD, but the THC content isn’t necessarily less.
- Commonly associated effects of use: Indica is sought after for its intensely relaxing effects. It may also help reduce nausea and pain and increase appetite.
- Daytime or nighttime use: Because of its deep relaxation effects, indica is better consumed at night.
- Popular strains: Three popular indica strains are Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple.
Growing indica weed indoors and outdoors
Indica weed is perfect for growing indoors, they grow fast and strong with thick trunks capable of putting up with quite a lot of hefty buds and you’ll be able to fit quite a lot of plants in small spaces thanks to their small stature. Once you flip to the flowering period they get two or three times bigger and most strains finish flowering after around 2 months after flipping the lights. They’re perfect for growing both indoors and outdoors thanks to how compact and sturdy it is.
Thanks to these characteristics, indica strains have been grown indoors for decades. They’re generally quite easy and simple to grow and they don’t usually need any sort of professional care in order to produce efficient results.
These plants are used to produce resin that can then be used to make hash, it simply comes natural to them. You’ll end up with some plants that are covered in resin, even on the leaves and the stems of the plant. You’ll be able to get an amazing extraction from the leaves and the stems, and if you were to use the buds you’d get absolutely amazing percentages.
Another important aspect of indicas is that outdoors they’re also quite quick to flower, generally finished around the beginning of September, making it the perfect strain for areas in which the end of summer rains arrive early. If rain manages to get to our plants then they’ll most likely get some fungi, but if you live somewhere where it doesn’t rain too much all you’ll have to do is use an anti-fungi preventive.
Understanding Cannabis Taxonomy
To better understand the differences between indica and sativa, it helps to first take a more general look at the taxonomy of cannabis.
Cannabis was first classified by Carl Linnaeus in the 1750s. Linnaeus believed the genus to be monotypic (containing only one species), which he named Cannabis sativa L. Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, made this classification by working with hemp plants, which were widely cultivated across Europe at the time.
In 1785, French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck published a description of another species of cannabis, which differed from Linnaeus’ variety. Lamarck called this species Cannabis indica Lam., noting that it produced significantly poorer fibres, but worked better as an inebriant. His description was based on plants he had collected in India.
In the 20th century, Russian botanist D. E. Janichevsky identified a third variety of cannabis growing natively in Russia, which we now know as Cannabis ruderalis. In the 1970s, taxonomists and botanists once again tried to figure out how to best classify the cannabis plant.
While there’s still some discussion surrounding the proper taxonomy of indica, sativa, and ruderalis, scientists believe that there are enough notable differences between the cannabis varieties to warrant their recognition as three separate species. For the purpose of this article, we’ll only focus on indica and sativa varieties.
What does an indica leaf look like?
First named in 1785 for a kind of marijuana that grows in India, the indica leaf is short and stout, possessing between seven and nine wide, finger-like structures.
Steven Somoza of Hydroponics, Inc. in Los Angeles, California, has more than eight years of cannabis cultivation experience and shared with Weedmaps, “Indica-dominant strains tend to have a stocky bush-like appearance, typically developing fat and wide leaves.”
The indica leaf’s short stature makes it a good choice of cannabis to grow indoors. You can spot an indica leaf if you pay attention to color, as indicas are a deep shade of green, which signifies a high chlorophyll content. Pure indica strains may include Hindu Kush, Purple Kush, and Afghani Kush, but pure strains of any kind are rare and challenging to find.
|Shape: Tall and thin
Height: 10-20 feet
Maturation time: 10-16 weeks
Yield: 3 oz – 1 lb per plant
|Shape: Short and bushy
Height: 2-4 feet
Branches: Shorter & fewer
Maturation time: 6-8 weeks
Yield: 1.5-2.5 oz per plant
What should you look for to understand strain effects?
The often-applied rule of thumb is that sativas are more invigorating and energizing, while indicas are more relaxing and calming — but it isn’t really that simple.
Individual plants produce varying effects, even among the same type of cannabis. It all depends on the plant’s chemical composition and the growing technique used.
Oftentimes, the plant types are broken down into specific chemovars, or breeds.
Chemovars are distinguished by their individual cannabinoid and terpene content. This “cannabinoid profile” will provide the user with the best information to help them determine which chemovar is best suited for them.
Relying on names does not provide the user with the necessary information to pick the correct profile. These compounds are what determine the chemovar’s overall effects.